Dr. Allen and Dr. Karen Ranney
May 4, 2019 (29 Nissan 5779) Acharei Mot "After the death"
May 4, 2019 (29 Nissan 5779) Acharei Mot "After the death"
This Torah study titled “Acharei Mot” in Hebrew means “after the death”, so we learn that in the Old Testament law, something had to die, shed its innocent blood for our sins, for our atonement. We also see that these offerings and sacrifices were but types and shadows of our true Redeemer Yeshua HaMashiach.
Leviticus 23 Revelation 1:5; 3:16; 13:8; 19:16; 22:19
Psalm 110:4 Hebrews 7:25-28; 8:1-2; 10:1-3
Romans 5:8; 11:26 Acts 10:35
Genesis 3:21; 15:16 Exodus 23:28
Colossians 1:13 Isaiah 53:4-5; 59:20
2 Chronicles 7:14-20 Jeremiah 31:34
Acharei Mot “after the death”
This Torah study is in Leviticus 16:1-18:30 and is titled in Hebrew “Acharei Mot #310 and 4194.” It means “after the death.”
Leviticus 16 records that after the death of Aaron’s two sons, the Lord established a “Day of Atonement,” “Yom Kippur #3117 and 3725”
Leviticus 17 records the sacredness of blood.
Leviticus 18 records statutes concerning sexual morality.
The Haftarah or prophet’s portion is in Malachi 3:4-24
Malachi 3:3-24 records that the Levitical priesthood would be cleansed, a warning against the ungodly, a warning to pay tithes, the Israelites murmur bitterly and it records there is a book of remembrance before the Lord.
The Gospel portion is in Hebrews 9:11-28
Hebrews 9:11-28 records Christ came as a High Priest and mediator, with the sacrifice of Himself, once for all, for all time.
Acharei Mot “after the death”
The Torah portion in Leviticus 16:1 (interlinear Bible) reads, “and Jehovah spoke to Moses “Acharei Mot #310 and 4194,” “after the death” of the two sons of Aaron, as they drew near before Jehovah, and they died.”
Remember back in Leviticus chapter 10, Nadab and Abihu died when they brought profane fire before the Lord. We do not know what is meant by “profane fire” just that it was not done in the prescribed manner the Lord commanded. Hence, it was a willful violation of the Lord’s Holiness. In other words, the two of them decided to do the offering their own way, disobeying what God had ordained. Their disobedience cost them their lives. Something to think about.
Leviticus 16 establishes what is called the Day of Atonement “Yom Kippur #3117 and 3725” to be observed on the 10th day of the Hebrew month Tishri (September/October). This was to be a day of fasting unto the Lord during which no work was done, a Sabbath rest, for the purpose of atoning for the sins of the past year.
Blood sacrifices were made by priests back then. Goats, bulls and sheep were literally sacrificed by the millions for the people’s sin. Then, after lots were cast for the scapegoat, the high priest would symbolically place the iniquities, transgressions and sins onto the goat. Thank God, He did away with that bloody business by one final awesome sacrifice, the blood of His own Son, Yeshua Messiah, Jesus, shed on the cross of Calvary, once for all time (Hebrews 9:11-15) Amen.
Leviticus 16:30 reads, “for on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the Lord.”
Hebrews 8:1-2 reads, “Now this is the main point of the things which we are saying: we have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man.”
Yeshua Messiah is that High Priest as prophesied in Psalm 110:4, “the Lord has sworn and will not relent, “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.” Amen.
With Jesus as our High Priest, ever making intercession for us, fulfilling all the ordinances, law and statutes that governed the Tabernacle, we will never have to worry that “profane fire” or any other offense would come before the Lord, provoking His wrath on either priests or the congregation. Jesus as our High priest can be found in Hebrews 2:17; 3:1; 6:20; 7:17. The book of Hebrews is a good read for understanding and comparing the Old Testament rabbinical priesthood with the New Testament fulfillment of those laws.
Leviticus 17:11 reads, “for the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.”
No longer is blood shed on an Altar of stone, a cross of wood took its place, once for all time.
Leviticus 18:1-30 makes God’s attitudes about sexual immorality quite clear. Sex outside the covenant of marriage is forbidden. Covenant marriage is defined as between one man and one woman. Anything else is an abomination before the Lord.
With Christian morals, values and standards waning throughout the whole world, the USA should take heed of the warning in the last part of Leviticus 18:25-28. The Bible uses the words “vomit out” three times to accentuate the seriousness of the offense and point out the consequences for those actions.
“Vomit out” in Hebrew is “qo #6958 from 7006” meaning literally to “spew forth, vomit up.” Leviticus 18:28 reads, “lest the land vomit you out also when you defile it, as it vomited out the nations that were before you.”
This is not a new thing. I was in Israel and visited the area where Sodom and Gomorrah used to be. Yes, it looked like the land literally vomited them out, and we see in Genesis 15:16 that the land of the Amorite (the promised land) would be given to Abraham’s descendants when the Amorite’s iniquity was full. Iniquity meaning: lack of righteousness, wickedness and sinfulness, God saying, “and I will send hornets before you, what shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite from before you” (Exodus 23:28).
It really doesn’t take a big stretch of the imagination to prophesy that if America does not repent, turn away from its wickedness, humble themselves and pray, there will be judgment on the land (2 Chronicles 7:14).
2 Chronicles 7:19-20 reads, “but if you turn away and forsake My statutes and My commandments which I have set before you, and go and serve other gods, and worship them, then I will uproot them from My land which I have given them; and this house which I have sanctified for My namesake I will cast out of My sight, and will make them a proverb and a byword among all peoples.”
This is not just “Old Testament” as some would like to say, this is a dire warning for our generation today. History does repeat itself! There is a prophecy in the book of Revelation which makes these things very apparent.
So then, because you are lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will vomit you out of my mouth.” (Revelation 3:16)
Halfhearted, morally compromised, pagan influenced peoples will not inherit the Kingdom of God.
This portion of the book of Malachi also deals with the required offerings commanded in the Old Testament. Malachi 3:4 reads, “Then the offering of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasant to the Lord, as in the days of old, as in former years.
Backing up one verse to Malachi 3:3, we see why the offerings brought unto the Lord this time will be pleasant. They will be well pleasing unto the Lord and will be presented to Him in a Holy and prescribed way, because the Lord Himself sends His Messenger.
“Behold, I send My messenger, and He will prepare the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek will suddenly come to His temple, even the Messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight. Behold, He is coming,” says the Lord of hosts. (Malachi 3:1)
“Messenger of the covenant”, or “Angel of the covenant” in Hebrew is “malak #4397 and berith #1285.” It is also interesting to note the first use of the word “messenger” is the word “Malaki#4401” and is the same as the author of the book of Malachi.
In this prophetic message, the Lord of “hosts #6635 Tsabaot” sends the Messenger of the Covenant to the sons of Levi to clean up and purify the priesthood. Amen. If the priesthood in the Old Testament needed cleansing, and the priesthood (Pharisees and Sadducees) in the New Testament needed cleansing, how much more so do we in the end times need that same cleansing? You have to admit there are a lot of people (evangelists, preachers, priests and ministers) out there teaching a lot of false doctrine. Truly, Christianity today needs an overhaul. We need to get back to what the first century church was all about. I pray to the Lord that He would lead and guide us into true worship and service in His name, Amen.
I will even prophesy scripturally that: There will be a move of the Spirit, an awakening in thousands of people (Jew and Gentile alike) here in the latter days to embrace the messianic way.
“He has delivered us from the power of darkness and conveyed us into the kingdom of the Son of His love.” (Colossians 1:13)
“For I am the Lord, I do not change; therefore, you are not consumed, O sons of Jacob.” (Malachi 3:6)
The Lord says, “I do not change,” meaning even “Acharei Mot” after the death of His priests Nadab and Abihu, we still are obligated to His service. Not in that Old Testament sense where you would be required to sacrifice animals, but in tithes and offerings where you go to receive God’s word for the furtherance of the Kingdom and edification of the saints.
One more thing in our Haftarah study, and it is highlighted in Malachi 3:16, “Then those who feared the Lord spoke to one another, and the Lord listened and heard them; so a book of remembrance was written before Him, for those who fear the Lord and who meditate on His name.”
“A book of remembrance for those who fear and meditate on His name.” You can see here the transitioning from the Old Testament sacrificial system of worship to the New Testament personal relationship system of worship. Personal relationship also means a personal responsibility.
“But in every nation whoever fears Him and works righteousness is accepted by Him.” (Acts 10:35) Amen.
Revelation 22:19 reads, “and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the book of life, from the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.” In other words, obey the whole Bible.
Hebrews 9:11-12 reads, “But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.” Amen.
Our readings from the Torah, Haftarah and Gospel deal with the sacrifices for atonement redemption and forgiveness of sin. Blood would have to be shed. There’s just something about the blood. You’ve probably already guessed, we are going to talk about the cleansing, restorative, sanctifying blood of Christ that was poured out for us on Calvary to cover our sins and save us “Acharei Mot” after death from hell.
Man has sinned from Adam all the way down to us. Man needs that salvation and because we are not capable of obtaining it ourselves, God answers man’s need. God didn’t cease to love man when he fell and was lost in unrighteousness. If that were the case, God never would have provided a way of salvation. But God’s love for man was too great for Him to let man go to eternal damnation without making a way of deliverance. Amen.
“But God demonstrates His own love towards us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us” (Romans 5:8). Amen, man was helpless to regain that position of right standing with God that Adam originally enjoyed. God Himself would have to do it for man, and Jesus was God’s solution. On the day Adam sinned, God had no other Redeemer in mind then Yeshua Messiah, Jesus. This is why He is called “the Lamb that was slain from the foundation of the world (Revelation 13:8). In reality, atonement in the old covenant “Torah” was based on Jesus’ future sacrifice, since all animal sacrifices of that covenant looked forward to Jesus’ death on the cross. (You can see these types and shadows throughout the Old Testament).
Leviticus 17:11 reads, “for the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.” Oh, there’s just something about the blood. Amen. God instituted animal sacrifice for the forgiveness of sins to symbolize that Yeshua Messiah would come and sacrifice Himself for our sins.
“And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission.” (Hebrews 9:22)
In the Old Testament covenant (Torah), animal sacrifices only covered sin outwardly and temporarily, but in the “New Testament” “B’rit Hadashah” we see God’s great redemptive plan coming to fruition. Hebrews 10 :1-3 reads, “For the law (Torah), having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with the same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect.” Amen.
“Which they offer year by year.” But the blood of Jesus atones for sin inwardly and permanently. Amen. It’s not “there’s something about the blood,” it’s that “there’s something about Jesus’ blood!” Amen.
Revelation 1:5 reads, “and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler over all of the kings of the earth. To Him who loved us and washed us from our sins in His own blood, and has made us kings and priests to His God and Father, to Him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.”
The penalty for sin is death, and Jesus paid that price on our behalf. The purpose for Christ becoming sin for us was to enable us to be made righteous before God. Jesus was imputed with our sin, so that we could be imputed with His righteousness.
“Surely He has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed Him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted but He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement for our peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed.” (Isaiah 53:4-5)
“Acharei Mot” after the death of Jesus, the sacrificial system ended. Now all we have to do is accept the complete work of the cross into our own lives for the forgiveness of sin. Yeshua Messiah died for my sins and yours. Would you like to be forgiven? It’s as easy as ABC.
A. Admit, admit you have sinned, and are sorry for that sin.
B. Believe, believe Jesus died for that sin, then rose from the grave on the third day.
C. Confess, confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and make Him King in your life.
Read Romans 10:8-13 and John 3:16, pray a prayer of repentance then ask the Lord to fill you with His Spirit, that you may receive a new life. Pray in Jesus’ name. Amen.
If you prayed that prayer I would like to welcome you to the family of God. I would also encourage you to tell a Pastor, Messianic Rabbi or a Christian friend they will know what to do next.
Bibliography for Acharei Mot “after the death”
Interlinear Bible, the Hendrickson publishing, 2006
New King James Version of the Bible, Thomas Nelson publishers, 2007
Strong’s Complete Dictionary of the Bible Words, Thomas Nelson publishing, 1996